We live in the 21st century. And standing in here, we can say, we witnessed changes. We noticed changes in our world dramatically. In only 100 years, we switched from telephones to mobile phones. And once we had to cut the leg of our brave soldiers. Because we did not have an x-ray machine. But nowadays, in some cases, even cancers are curable. The world changed in every way possible. And now, as the day goes on, programming has become an essential part of the change. In fact, we can not imagine the future without programming. Not only that. Programming has become a more desirable profession for youngsters. So, before you start learning to program, you should know the types of programming languages. So, stay tuned to “Types of programming languages- know before you start coding.”
A quick sneak peeks into the history of programming languages.
The history of programming is fascinating. Historians say a woman wrote the first published computer code. And that brilliant woman is Ada Lovelace. She worked on a memoir of a famous mathematician Luigi Menabrea. This memoir was about Charles Babbage’s suggested machine, named “The Analytical Engine.” And in that manuscript, she added some of her notes. Then later, mathematicians discovered that these notes define a method for calculating Bernoulli numbers in detail. And this is a story of the 1840s. Hence, it makes the program the first published computer program.
After that, men developed programming languages. Many inventors worked day and night to build programming languages. For example, Alonzo Church, Alan Turing. And their work has bought a new era of programming languages. But who are the official inventors of programming languages? Well, Charles Babbage and Jacquard Looms are said to be the inventors of programming languages. Their difference engine had simple programs. And their programs defined how these machines would work. As a result, we know them as the inventors of programming languages.
The first fully functioning programming language is the Short Code. And this program was the first program to communicate instructions to a computer successfully. American physicist John Mauchly developed this fantastic program in the early ’50s.
John Backus and his team developed FORTRAN at IBM. And they invented this fascinating program in the year 1954. And this programming language is the first commercially available computer program.
After that, many types of programming languages were invented. Now we can find tons of programming languages for doing different kinds of jobs.
What is a programming language?
Science and machines are related. From the dawn of science, we can see that science invented many machines. Like computers, mobile, robot, and different manufacturer devices. But have you ever think about how these machines are working. And how are we giving too many commands to them? How are we making the devices to do the actual work that we want? That’s what different types of programming languages deal with. It’s the way to command and rule the Machines. It is the language of Machines. And it is the bridge between humans and computers. so let’s have a look at them
Computers are made of hardware and software. In the working field, we can see various kinds of applications or software. Some are video player, photo viewer, designing software, IDE, dictionary, calculator, map, virus scanner, etc. So the way that software does a particular task is programming. A programming language can give a specific command to do particular work to do. Like when we passed a command to the video player to play a video or pause the video. A Programming language is the command of sets.
Also, it is a functional language.that. It is used by programmers to give the device or computers to do specific work. The language that a programmer writes is a higher-level language. But the computer can understand the lower-level language that is binary code. So a compiler compiles the higher-level language to a lower-level language. Hence a computer, understand the high-level language. The computer only understands 0s and 1s. And to understand the high-level computer needs a compiler.
What is the need for different types of programming languages?
So the question came to mind that what is the need for different types of programming languages?
The answer is here.
Firstly, at the very beginning of devices, there are not many working applications invented. But day by day, we can see that we are using different applications, even if it’s not a limited process. Like in the past, we need only the calculations. But after some days, we needed to store tons of data. Also a video player. A photo viewer. Online applications, games, robots, artificial intelligence, designing software, and many things. And in the future, we will need many more various software.
Secondly, the machine can’t realize our human language. Also, it only recognizes the binary code, which is a lower-level language. So to convert the human language to the machine-understandable language. We need different types of programming languages.
Suppose you are looking for a programming language to build your mobile application. And an android application. Then you might need Python. Hence, you can understand why we need different types of programming languages.
Examples of Different types of programming language
There are different types of programming languages. Mainly they are two types. They are upper-level programming language and lower-level programming language. And the upper-level programming language is two types. They are Object-oriented programming language and procedural programming languages. And the higher-level languages are two types. They are assembly language and machine language.lets have a brief discussion of them.
High-level programming languages
Object-oriented programming language
Object-oriented language is a high-level language. It is portable and written in English. Also, it works as a function and joint of two instructions.
A procedural language is another type of high-level programming language. It is portable too. And it is written in English and understandable than the lower-level language. Its program works with sequential commands. In a procedural language, it is programmed with the top-down approach.
Lower-level programming languages
This is the language that a machine can directly realize. Like it is understandable by CPU. It directly runs on the CPU. Also, it is written with 0 and 1. And it is not portable. Also, it is too difficult to code.
It is less error-prone.and it is easier to code than the machine language. it is not directly readable by the CPU. It needs a compiler to translate that a machine could understand.and it is written in English characters. It is used in writing an operating system like Linux, IOS, and others.like x86, MIPS, NASM, etc. are assembly language.
Examples of Object-oriented programming languages
It is also known as OOP. Pro programmers use this term. And the concept behind this programming language is the “Concept of Object.” This concept allows an object to contain code and data. It stores data in the form of fields. Also, it is known as attributes or properties. On the other hand, it stores code in the form of procedures. And it is known as methods—many famous programming languages. For example, C++, Python, C#, etc. These programming languages support object-oriented programming language.
Examples of Procedural Programming Languages
Procedural programming languages are imperative languages. It was developed in the mid-’50s. In fact, we can say this language was mainly developed in 1957-1964. Here are some of the examples of procedural programming languages:
Fortran, C, Cobol, Algol, BASIC, etc. And these are some of the most common procedural programming languages.
How to learn different types of programming languages
People use different types of programming languages to do different jobs. Hence, we have tons of possibilities. Firstly, we need to select what we want to do. Then we can choose the related programming languages to finish the job.
Now the question is, how can we learn programming languages? Do we have to spend a lot of money to learn to program? And is it hard to learn programming languages by oneself? Don’t worry. We will talk about all that.
Nowadays, learning programming languages has become a passion for many people. Hence, we see a noticeable change in the perspectives of people. Once, not many people knew about coding and programming. But now, we see young people show interest in learning to code. As a result, we see them search for books and videos on the internet. They are passionate about programming. And it comes out of love and interest.
Programming is hard. In fact, it is not an easy thing to learn. But if you are dedicated enough. Then you can learn it. There are tons of books and videos on the internet. You can find them. Then learn to program. It would help if you practiced hard. And only then can you learn it. There are video classes by professionals. And you can buy them. Even there are free video classes on YouTube. So, you can go to YouTube. And learn the basics.
Frequently Asked Questions and Answers
First Question: What is the importance of programming languages?
Answer: Programming languages are imperative. Without programming languages, you can not build software. In fact, without programming languages, we can not communicate with a machine. Hence, it is essential for our modern world.
Second Question: Is it easy to become a pro at coding?
Answer: The answer is “No.” Becoming a pro at programming is not an easy task. You have to work really hard. Every great thing comes at a price. And you need to take the first step to conquer something. Hence, start with the c programming language. And one day, you might become a pro programmer.
Third Question: How many types of programming languages are there?
Answer: There are tons of programming languages. But if we categorize them in high-level programming languages and low-level programming languages. Then we can say there are two types in each of them. Object-oriented and procedural at the high-level. On the other hand, machines and assembly are at the low-level.
Fourth Question: Is it possible to learn coding all by yourself?
Answer: If you are dedicated to becoming a programmer. And programming is your passion. Then you can learn it by yourself. But it is good to have a teacher. A teacher can help you when you face a problem. Hence, try to get yourself a teacher.
The modern world is possible because of programming languages. In fact, without programming languages, we can not have the technologies we have right now. Professionals are working hard day and night to improve our experience with technologies. Look around you. And you will see how programming languages changed the world. Now we use technologies every day. And we can not think of our lives without technology. And technologies use programming languages. For example, your mobile phone, your computer, the YouTube video you are watching, etc. All these things need software. And programming languages build the software. Professionals use different types of programming languages to build different kinds of software. As the day goes on, we feel the need for more updated software. Hence programming has become a profession. And some people love programming.