It is not possible to explore how the technology impacts our lives and how it will impact the future. The processes of scientific-technological development represent themselves as by all means a notable fact the mankind has a fortune to encounter in the twenty-first century.
Technology is nowadays becoming more and more synonymous to the notion of anthropocentricity.
Impact of Technology:
The impact of technology on human life has both positive and negative aspects. Positive effect is embodied in the sphere of its practical application.
On the other hand, the negative impact of technology on human life concerns predominantly the cognitive aspects of human mental activity.
Therefore, the crisis of the worldview systems manifested itself as another peculiar feature of the period of rapid technological development.
The processes of rapid technological development, in their turn, were accompanied by stagnation of art.
However, there is no denying the fact that science, philosophy, religion, and art are in inseparable connection.
All aforementioned tendencies may be traced through the lens of art. Especially on the example of a dystopian novel by George Orwell 1984 and Stanley Kubrick’s science-fiction movie 2001: A Space Odyssey.
In both works, the negative aspects of technological evolution of mankind lead to the tragic end since technical appliances constitute the system of total control over humanity and each individual in particular.
The peculiarity of George Orwell’s novel consists in the completeness of the author’s vision of the alternative future. Which is determined by the technical progress. The author provides a detailed description of understanding of the distorted by technologies society which he presents in the novel.
To start with, in the fictional country Oceania, the ruling party is IngSoc (contracted form of ‘English socialism’).
Impact of technology on human Nature of society:
People communicate with each other by means of the Newspeak, which constitutes itself as a distorted version of English language or the outcomes of the language degradation processes in action.
A model of class society is comprised of the three main elements – upper-class, the Inner Party, middle-class, the Outer Party, and the Proles (the so-called proletarians).
Ministry of Peace, or Minipax predominantly deals with the issues of warfare. Referred to as Miniplenty in the novel, deals with the economic sphere (e.g. rationing and starvation).
Ministry of Love, Miniluv, is focused mostly on the issues of law and order (e.g. brainwashing and torture).
Doublethink itself is the processes of thinking and rationalizing from the facts of objective reality.
Nonetheless, while the ruler controls the situation, he also controls the minds of people: each man, woman, and, the most terrifying, child.
Issue of technology:
Moreover, as far as the issue impact of technology on environment is concerned, it is important to admit that mechanization is one of the basic principles and specific features of the anti-utopian world. The Advance Technology will change the world society. Orwell’s vision of this world minimizes the presence of nature and its effect on human consciousness.
Incapability to rejoice and feel the beauty of nature indicates the numbness of soul.
Consequently, the only thing a man is capable to feel is hopelessness and despair. The Orwellian society is, above all, of industrial character.
Unlike the novel by George Orwell, the first part of Stanley Kubrick’s 2001:
A Space Odyssey, “The Dawn of Man”, deals with the issue of origin of life and evolution.
The movie’s main part, however, is the director’s artistic meditation on futuristic vision of the world and, therefore, addresses the future of mankind.
Hal is a sentient, precise, and strict mechanism hiding the real mission of expedition. HAL did not tolerate any manifestation of suspicion and lack of confidence (2001: A Space Odyssey).
Having overheard the private conversation between the pilots and considering their distrust in artificial intelligence, HAL kills one of the pilots in the outer space and turns the space ship’s life support systems off.
The tragedy ends in disabling HAL and reaching the Jupiter.
Influence of technology:
Technologies developed by mankind threaten with destruction. Consequently, the director assumes that the future of the mankind is far beyond the Solar System.
Ridley Scott and Steven Spielberg revere and give their credit to Stanley Kubrick and his 2001: A Space Odyssey in terms of the storyline and its visual interpretation.
Undoubtedly, Stanley Kubrick’s contribution to the science-fiction genre in cinematography is exceptional in this respect.
The director has foreseen the space line of technological development, particularly, landing the Moon and its exploration.
George Orwell, in his turn, has prophesized the increasing role of television and mass-media in human life.
This process is related to the authorities and the military forces’ wish to rule the minds and control the consciousness. Attempting to turn people, who initially were capable of thinking and feeling into the mass of blind and deaf executors?
Mechanization and technological advancement dehumanize the image of world. In this regard, the term ‘individual’ does not apply to characterization of an average man of future.
Of course, the novel and the movie demonstrate the pessimistic creative impulse and the tragic pathetic elements.
Nevertheless, the heroes of both genres prove that human spirit prevails over technology. In Stanley Kubrick’s movie, the power of the human will triumphs, which indicates a more optimistic ending.
Summary of Observation:
In both cases, the main characters give their lives to overthrow the authorities’ control provided and ensured by their tools.
The reality the people of the twenty-first century live in. That is, the reality created by both George Orwell and Stanley Kubrick sound as topical nowadays as they might only had in the next twenty years after the end of the World War II.
This is especially just considering the issues of strategic and military build, globalization, constant technological advancement, dehumanization of interpersonal communication, and cosmic exploration.
However, Stanley Kubrick’s 2001: A Space Odyssey sounds more topical and more relevant to our present-day context considering the issues of development of science and technology, and the part military sector plays in the life of civilian people.
About the author: Billy Bakevrton. Works as an editor at https://gogetessays.com/ the resource with helpful pieces of advice for students who are struggling with their academic assignments.